Category Archives: Monuments and History

Port of Callao

Callao is the port of the city of Lima and the most important of Peru. Besides all of its commercial activity, the zone of Callao has different tourist attractions, ranging from a historical center of viceregal and republican architecture, a couple of museums to abundant wildlife and history of the islands of its coast. This [...]

Around Lima in 2 days

When it comes to sightseeing in the city of Lima and discovering its rich historical and architectural heritage, the experience can be a great adventure. Spanish colonial houses and archaeological sites contrast with modern tall buildings in a cosmopolitan city. And even though a tour around the Peruvian capital may require a few days, here [...]

Tipón: Tribute to water

The occupation of Tipón happened at around 1200 a.c. and it is believed that the first inhabitants belonged to the Wari Empire or to the Ayamarcas, a culture that lived in the valley of Cusco, located at about 20 km from Tipón. From this period remains the 6km of the defense wall that used to surround it. It was Pachacutec who [...]

Arequipa’s School: La Compañia Church.

Considered one of the greatest south american mestizo baroque edifications, La Compañía church, which began its construction in late XVI century, was entirely made in ashlar, the white volcanic rock that identifies the colonial urban structure of the Historical Center of Arequipa.   Located in one of the corners of the main square, La Compañia [...]

Juanita: The ice girl

In 1995, in the snowcapped mountain of Ampato in Arequipa, Johan Reinhard and Miguel Zárate discovered, buried in the ice, the corpse of 12 year old inca girl that would have been sacrificed in the times of the Inca Pachacutec reign, around 1450 A.D.   Surrounding her there were many “illas” or gold idols as [...]

Qorikancha: The Temple of the Sun

The Qorikancha was the center of the Inca world. From it, the imaginary lines called Ceques departed, organizing the sanctuaries or huacas that surrounded Cusco and that gave to the capital of the Tahuantinsuyo its sacred character. Upon its foundations, the Spanish built the Church and Convent of Santo Domingo.   Qorikancha’s internal walls, which [...]

Piquillacta: The Wari fortress of the Sacred Valley

Located about 30 kilometers from Cusco, Piquillacta is the best known archaeological complex of Wari culture outside its capital, located in Ayacucho. The Wari Empire thrived between the years 500 A.D. and 1000 A.D. and although the center of Wari’s empire was mainly located in the province of Huanta (Ayacucho), there are evidences that its [...]

The sacred Huaca of Tambomachay

As viceregal functionary Juan Polo de Ondegardo y Zárate once told in his book Treaty and investigation about the superstitions of the Indians (1559), “the city of Cuzco was home and dwelling of gods, and thus there was not, in all of it, a fountain, a passage or wall that did not held mystery”. From [...]

Juliaca: a town of history

The history of Juliaca -from the quechua word xullasca, which means covered in snow- goes back thousand of years. The first evidence of life ever found was from the year 10000 a.C of hunters and gatherers. The reason for this, it is believed, was the weather -less aggressive in those years- which contributed to the [...]

The mysterious convent of Santa Catalina

Behind its heavy wooden doors and completely isolated from the external vicissitudes, lived the nuns at the Monastery of St. Catherine of Siena, a religious citadel founded during the reign of Viceroy Francisco Toledo, at the request of council, in 1579.   Located in the historic center of Arequipa, a city founded by the Spanish [...]

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